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Ranked 3th in 2003 and 4th in the nationwide ranking "Professional Commune, inwestors friendly" in the category of small size communes - up to 15 000 inhabitans

 

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HISTORY

The beginnings of Twardogóra reach the times when the first Piasts governed on the Polish lands. Then it was a fair settlement connected with the commercial route from Wrocław to Poznań. It was inhabited by descendants Slav Ślęża tribe and, since the XIIth century also newcomers from other countries, especially Germans. A legend states that the contemporary name of the town was created during invasion of Tatars on Silesia in 1241. The settlement inhabitants produced hard resistance against them and this explains the name (Twardogóra + Hard Mountain). This covers also the terrain topography (Hard Mountain).
The municipal rights were granted to Twardogóra by the Piask prince Henryk III Głogowski (of Głogów) on 1 August 1293. Later on, the small town got the medieval character. From the beginning of the XIVth century, Twardogóra was connected with the Oleśnica principality under Piast government but subordinated to Czech kings.
Town inhabitants having bad memories of the Hus Wars built a fortified structure at the end of the XVth century. A hundred years later, a castle was built in the structure.
In 1526, Twardogóra complete with the Oleśnica principality was merged into the Habsburg's state. Jan Podbiebrad governing then in the principality introduced Lutheranisms in 1538. It is supposed that, at that time, the (lower) church was in the town already. The church was subject to thorough repair in 1587.
Since 1647, Wirtemberg dynasty representatives started to govern the Oleśnica Principality. In the period of the dynasty governments, Twardogóra survived its full bloom. Her share in that had, first of all, the wife of the Sylvius Frederic - Eleonore Caroline (1676 - 1712). She expanded the castle which became a baroque palace. She cared also for the inhabitants' health, development of craft, commerce and education, and developed charity activities.
Within 1729 1738, the (lower) church was reconstructed and received the present shape. Prussia governments began on Silesia from 1740. In 1943, Twardogóra was bought by count Henry L. von Reichenbach and, a year later, he included it to the new established state in Goszcz . In 1786, the town was inhabited by 1175 persons of the highest number was involved in the weaving craft prospering well at that time.
On the beginning of the XIXth century, two new cemeteries were established outside the outskirts of the town, separately for Protestants and Catholics and the old cemeteries near the church were liquidated. Twardogóra Catholics built a church at the new market in 1869. In 1873, a fire destroyed the Evangelic church which was reconstructed three years later in the neo-gothic style.
Since the middle of the XIXth century, Twardogóra started to take the industrial character. Henry Piirschel established a mechanical weaving plant and Henry Lichtenberg launched industrial production of furniture.
The demographic development of the town in the XIXth century (in 1885 - 2202 inhabitants and, after the merge with Stara Twardogóra in 1910 - 3351 inhabitants) resulted in expansion of the town infrastructure. Before the World War I, in Twardogóra , a credit bank and a printing-house were established in 1901 and 1907, respectively, a court with a prison (presently the town hall), cemetery chapel and a town hall (at the Eastern market wall) were built in were built in 1902 in 1912, respectively as well as a new water pipeline was installed in 1901 and the town was electrified (1910).
In 1944, the town was inhabited by 4500 persons who were employed, first of all, in craft, commerce and service business. The town possessed, among other things: an agricultural and general secondary school, two cinemas as well as a hospital, children house and well developed catering business.
German reign finished in Twardogóra on 23 January 1945. At that time , the Polish administration period began.


Municipality of Twardogóra
Ratuszowa Street 14, 56 - 416 Twardogóra,
phone: (0 71) 399 22 00, fax. (0 71) 315 81 42